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Marija JURIC and Karl HAFSTRÃM MAGNÃRUS, Sweden
The Swedish environmental legislation plays an important part in the national environmental efforts, and is stated in The Environmental Code. The Code replaced 15 previous Acts that were repealed on its entry in 1999. The Codeâs legislative framework aims to advance sustainable development that will assure a healthy and sound environment for present and future generations.
The Swedish countryside contains thousands of lakes and freshwater streams. All this water
constitutes important habitats for many organisms. These environments are also valuable for
relaxation, recreation and drinking-water supply for all living beings. In order to secure these
values, there is specific legislation regarding shoreline protection. The aim of this legislation
is to protect shore areas from settlements so that natural and recreational values are conserved.
Shoreline protection includes land and water areas within 100 meters from the shoreline,
based on mean sea water level. Areas with high environmental values may have an extended
shoreline protection of a maximum of 300 meters. According to the Planning and Building
Act, it is possible to apply for exemption from the shoreline protection for certain
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