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A. Country Context
Sri Lanka is a topical island, lies southeast of the Southern tip of India, and well known to travellers
of many nationalities from ancient times. Total area is 65600 km2 . Major climatic zones are
Wet, Dry and Intermediate. Population has increased from 2.76 million in 1881 to the present 20
million, recording a sharp increase particularly after Independence. Population concentrates
heavily in the southwest and central regions of the island and in the Jaffna Peninsula. The Dry
Zone, in spite of state-aided settlement schemes in recent decades, remains sparsely populated.
Sri Lanka's highest point is over 2,524 meters at Piduruthalagala Peak
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