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A. Country Context
Based on statistics, emanating from Census 2001, dated October 2001, the 2nd Census in a democratic South Africa, the estimated population of South Africa is 44.8 million people. The 1st Census dated October 1996, indicated an estimated population of 40.6 million people. 55.4% live in urban areas and 44.6% in rural areas. South Africa is located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa . The geographic co-ordinates are 22 00-34 00 South and 16 00-32 00 East. It has an area of 1,219,912 sq.km, which includes Marion and Prince Edward Islands. This is slightly less than twice the size of Texas. Itâs land boundaries total 4,862 km and its coastline extends for 2,798 kms. Its border countries are Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. The climate is mostly semiarid, subtropical along the east coast with sunny days and cool nights. The terrain consists of a vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and a narrow, coastal plain.
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