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A. Country Context
Norway covers the western and northern sections of the Scandinavian peninsula, and includes
the northern territories of Jan Mayen Island and the Svalbard archipelago. In the east, Norway
borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia. At the very north is the Barents Sea and in the west
the Norwegian Sea. The North Sea and Skagerrak lies off the southern coast. Norway is 1,752
km long from Lindesnes to Nordkapp. The coastline is 21,112 km, and the country is covering
323,802 sq km. The population is around 4.5 million (2002). In the southern hemisphere Bouvet
Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land are Norwegian territories.
Norway is richly endowed with natural resources, including oil, gas, fish, timber and waterfalls
used for hydropower. But only a small percentage of Norway's land area is suitable for productive
agriculture or forestry. All over the country you could find wilderness including large forest
areas, different pristine landscape and mountainous tracts. The highest mountain, GaldhÃ¸piggen,
is 2469 meter over sea level
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