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A. Country Context
Cyprus is situated in the north-eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 9251 kmÂ²
and a population of approximately 793,000. Topographically Cyprus consists of two mountain
masses (on the north and south) and a central lowland. The Kyrenia Range lies close to the
north coast and consists mainly of limestone. To the south is the Mesaoria Plain. The southern
half of the island is occupied by the rugged Troodos Mountains, composed mainly of volcanic
rocks and reaching a maximum elevation of 1953 m. The agricultural areas have the biggest
share with 47.89%, followed by the forest and semi-natural areas, which represent the 44.12%
of the total land area of the island. The share of the other categories is much smaller, with the
artificial coverage covering 7.63%, followed by wetlands with 0.21% and water with 0.15% of the
total area of Cyprus.
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