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This study focuses on the Black Sea coast vulnerability. For this purpose, present-day sea
level changes in the Black Sea are estimated from satellite altimetry data. The result shows
accelerated rise in sea level of 3.19 Â± 0.81 mm/year for the period of 1993â2014. Although
the geographical distribution of Black sea level variation rate is mostly uniform, it is detected
bigger than the mean in the southeastern part. Coastal areas below 20 m elevation along the
Black Sea shore are also determined from the topography and bathymetry data. When these
areas are arrayed according to their size; Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Georgia, Turkey, and
Bulgaria, respectively are at risk. In the Black Sea coast, the most important threats are
confirmed as coastal erosion and saltwater intrusion.
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