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A. Country Context
Nepal is a land locked country surrounded by China in North and India in South, East and West.
The elevation ranges almost from 60m to 8848m, the highest peak of the world, Mount Everest
(Mount Sagarmatha) Out of 14 peaks with more than 8000 m high of the world, 8 peaks are in
Nepal. Geographically, it is located between 26 degree N to 31degree N latitude and 80 degree
E to 88 degree E longitude of the globe. The length in the east-west direction is about 885
km. and the width in the north-south direction varies between 145 km to 245 km. The area of
the country is 147 181 sq. km. Depending upon the elevation, the country is divided into five
physiographic regions namely: Terai (Plain area) 60-300 m, Siwalik Hills 200-1500m, Middle
mountains 800-2400m, High mountains 2200- 2400m,and Himalayas 5000- above.
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